Saddam's Weapons Program

U.S. Senator Robert C. Byrd in his speech delivered in the Senate on 26th September 2002 confirmed his intimate knowledge of the U.S. shipments of pathogens to Iraq as follows:

We also know where some of the toxin [botulinum toxin] came from: The United States, which approved shipments of botulinum toxin from a non-profit scientific repository to the government of Iraq in 1986 and 1988. I have letters from the CDC and the American Type Culture Collection laying out the dates of shipments, who they were sent to, and what they included. This list is extensive and scary- anthrax, botulinum toxin, and gas gangrene to name just a few. There were dozens and dozens of these pathogens shipped to various ministries within the government of Iraq.

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Another U.S. Senator Donald W Riegle Jr. in his article published on 13th December 2002 in the Sunday Herald (Scotland) noted:

U.N. inspectors identified many United States manufactured items that had been exported from the U.S. to Iraq under licenses issued by the Department of Commerce, and [established] that these items were used to further Iraq's chemical and nuclear weapons development and its missile delivery development programs.[Between January 1985 and August 1990], the executive branch of our government approved 771 different export licenses for sale of dual-use technology to Iraq.

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Between 1985 and 1989, U.S. department of Commerce issued 70 licences to facilitate Biological Exports to Iraq. These licences allowed exports 21 batches of lethal strains of Anthrax. In 1998 the French newspaper Le Figaro reported that the researchers at the Rockville, Maryland Lab of the American type Culture Collection confirmed sending anthrax samples to Iraq by mail order. Apart from the Chemical Agents, Iraq also received various pathogens from U.S. In 1985 U.S. Centre of Disease Control sent a sample of West Nile virus to a microbiologist at the Basra University in Iraq. Among other “material” that Iraq received from U.S. were various toxins, bacteria such as botulins and E.Coli.

American Corporations such as Philip Petroleum, Unilever, Alcolac, Allied Signal, the American Type Culture collection and Teledyne sold dual purpose chemical agents and biological samples to Iraq. Teledyne was charged by the U.S. courts for its criminal offence, conspiracy and breach of Export Administration Act and the Arms Export Act. However Teledyne's export shipment of 130 tons of zirconium was carried out under the approval of the CIA. The zirconium was intended for use in cluster bombs.

Alcolac was convicted for illegal sale of thiodglycol an ingredient used for the production of mustard gas, to Iraq, to be used in Saddam's Chemical Warfare program.

Excerpted from:
American capillary vision and inventions of democracy - Part IV
12 December 2005

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